During the late nineteenth century, urbanization prompted mass migrations of
southerners to cities. This caused crowding within the cities and soon sanitation became
an issue. Despite the problems, it was not until the last two decades of the 1800's that
cities started addressing this problem. However, once it started in one city, others started
following suit. Portsmouth...
The passing of Mrs. Lucinda Todd was not a surprise to her family, after all her health had been suffering for sometime. Though Mrs. Todd's passing initially appeared peaceful, the true happenings behind her death were revealed in the subsequent battle for ownership of Mrs. Todd's will. On July 31, 1897 Judge Burroughs resided over the court that was set to declare the official executer of Lucinda...
The Norfolk Virginian reported the acres of farmland that grew tobacco and the
pounds of tobacco harvested as a result in 1891. There were various counties and big
producers included Amherst, Bedford, and Prince Edward. Many of these counties
resided in the Central Virginia region. 24,034 planters planted on 110,579 acres and
produced 48,522,655 pounds of tobacco...
In the city of Norfolk on July 21, 1891, Dr. Morgan Health officer of Norfolk
County, examined the dairies and livestock in the city. The Norfolk Virginian reported
on the results and also wrote about other issues the Board of Health addressed.
According to the newspaper, he examined 475 animals with an output of 768 gallons. Dr.
Morgan's examination yielded results...
The South had been neglected according to the Portsmouth Star. The newspaper
accused the US, then in the middle of war with Spain, of being reluctant to spend any
more of the government's money in the South than has seemed absolutely necessary.
The US would regret spending so little on the South especially when the majority of the
war was being fought on the front...
In the Portsmouth Star, Superintendent John C. Ashton reported the public
school demographics for the year ending July 31, 1894. The school year was in session
for 195 days in three districts. There was racial segregation at this point with seventeen
schools for white children and seven for colored children. There were a total of 3,610
school-aged children and of...
According to Edward Ayers, religion was a Southerner's way of life and they
often justified or condemned something based on religion. Myriad Christian
denominations were active in the South including Baptist, Episcopal, Methodist,
Catholic, Lutheran, Protestant, and Quaker, however; the Baptist denomination claimed
the largest following. The Norfolk Virginian, like...
The July 31, 1899 report by the superintendent of public schools in Norfolk Virginia illustrated the disparity between white and black students in regards to educational opportunity and proficiency. School Superintendent Richard A. Dobie filed the report, at the request of Norfolk Mayor C. Brooks Johnston. Though the Report was not intended to make any political or social gestures, analysis of the...
On January 5, 1899 the Virginian-Pilot reported that a young black male in the town of Portsmouth, Virginia had stolen the pocketbook of a lady whose services he was filling. While this petty incident of crime was relatively unnoticed, buried in the middle of the paper, the style in which the brief story was written illustrates the social opinions in this southern city. The story goes on to describe...
On February 3, 1899, an aging Confederate soldier from Portsmouth, identifying himself only as C.M.B. wrote to the Virginian-Pilot in response to Senator Marion Butler's proposed bill that would open up federal pension plans to all veterans of the Civil War. Despite a divide among many Southerners about the honor of accepting federal pension, C.M.B. argues, Why then should ex Confederates prefer...