|Date(s):||January 6, 1871|
|Location(s):||ST. LOUIS, Missouri|
|Course:||“Rise And Fall of the Slave South,” University of Virginia|
Professor Waterhouse, of Washington University in St. Louis, sent a letter to Governor B.
Gratz Brown pushing for the passing of measures to ensure that Missouri could secure the
immigration of skilled artisans from Europe. Since France and other European nations were
demolished during the Franco-German War, many of the citizens of these countries began to
leave their homelands and immigrated to countries outside of Europe, especially the United
States. Professor Waterhouse believed that it would be beneficial to Missouri's economy for the
state to find ways to lure these skilled immigrants. This new skilled labor force would greatly
increase the manufacturing industry of Missouri as a whole. Besides the post war conditions of
Europe, Waterhouse also pointed to the advanced cost of foreign living and labor, cheaper
breadstuffs, reduced taxation, and less judicious tariff as reasons for skilled Europeans to want to
immigrate to the United States.
Though Professor Waterhouse was concerned with the industrial development in the
state, Missouri was doing well in keeping pace with the fast industrialization of America. By
1870, Missouri had an industrial workforce of 65,354 working in 11,871 industrial
establishments. During this time, total industrial production had skyrocketed to 206,213,429, a
five-fold increase in production from just 10 years prior. However, this great industrialization
almost completely centered around St. Louis, Missouri. In 1870, St. Louis accounted for nearly
75 percent of the industrial development of Missouri. With all of this rapid development, in
1870 St. Louis ranked third in the United States in the number and value of its manufacturing
establishments behind only New York and Philadelphia.
Even with all of the rapid industrialization that was happening in Missouri and especially
St. Louis, the state had not forgotten its Southern agricultural roots. Missouri still ranked
seventh in the United States in term so its value of agricultural productions, which in 1870 was at
103,035,759. Most of the agricultural production came from the state's two largest crops, corn
and oats (though almost four times as much corn was produced as oats).