This course explores the history of the Mediterranean region from ca. 1500 to ca. 1800, paying special attention to social, cultural, religious, political, and economic transformations. Through a range of sources we will trace how men and women on the Mediterranean’s European, Asian, and African shores experienced their changing world. To do so, we will examine each week how a specific theme, such as “cities,” “families,” or “ritual,” has been approached by historians focusing on different places or periods. Our primary focus will be the Italian city states, Spain, and the Ottoman Empire (modern Turkey, the Balkans, the Middle East and North Africa). Throughout the course, we will keep asking what is at stake in comparing, contrasting, and noticing connections between different societies, cultures, regions and peoples.