Episodes Nearest to February 11, 1933: 1 through 25 of 25
- Zora Neale Hurston performs "From Sun to Sun" at Rollins College
February 11, 1933 Orange, Florida Rollins College, Zora Neale Hurston, florida slave history
On Friday, February 11, 1933 Zora Neale Hurston’s program “From Sun to Sun” was shown at the Recreation Hall of Rollins College at 8:15 in the evening. At the performance Hurston led her company of Negroes in songs of African folklore, originating from various places around the state. Such songs included “Shack Rouser,” “East Coast Blues,” and “Alabama Bound”. The scenery for...
- Grand Jury Probes Shooting
April 24, 1933 Davie, North Carolina African American death, White violence
The death of John “Red Shirt” Davis, an African American from Georgia, seemed to be a very routine shooting for the Coolemee police. Though the death of Davis was not something the police were happy about, it seemed to be necessary because Davis had resisted arrest, according to the Raleigh Observer. The police officer who shot him was Special Officer Jess Saunders. According to Officer...
- Comforting a Nation
May 7, 1933 Dist Columbia, District of Columbia Franklin D. Roosevelt, Fireside Chat
Franklin D. Roosevelt had a great challenge ahead of him as our nation’s 32nd President. The United States was in a period of unemployment and extreme poverty. The people were losing faith and it was F. D. R.’s responsibility to fix the problem. On May 7, 1933, F.D.R. entered American homes through their radios. Hoping to restore hope to the public, Roosevelt assured them that Congress...
- How one woman helped to valut African American culture into the spotlight
October 29, 1932 Orange, Florida, New York, New York Harlem Renaissance, Arts/Leisure, Race-Relations
Born in 1891 in rural Alabama, Zora Neale Hurston spent her childhood in the first incorporated black town in the nation, Eatonville, Florida. Zora attended school in Eatonville until only 13 years old, when she traveled to New York City with a traveling theatre company. In the city that never sleeps, Zora would develop her creative mind and make her mark on history. Hurston seized the tremendous...
- Second Lieutenant Hurst Fears Communist Invasion
October 19, 1932 Montgomery, Alabama Race Relations, Government, Crime/Violence, african americans
The Communist Party was infiltrating Birmingham, Alabama and the National Guard was beginning to worry. On October 19, 1932, Second Lieutenant Ralph Hurst wrote to his commanding officer Brigadier General J.C. Parsons about the “Communist Agitation” in Birmingham. The International Labor Defense had recently moved its Southern headquarters to Birmingham and there had been trouble ever since....
- Information Passed On: A German Attempt to Curb anti-Nazi sentiment
August 8, 1933 New York, New York War, Foreign Politics, League of Nations
Over seventy-seven years ago, on the eighth of August, 1933, Dr. Daniel Mulvihill (a New Yorker) was assaulted by a German citizen while he was visiting Berlin, apparently because he had failed to “salute a Nazi detachment.” A few weeks later, on the twenty-fourth of that month, Dr. Mulvihill’s assailant was taken into custody by Nazi authorities, and was then deposited into a concentration...
- The Bonus Army
July 28, 1932 Columbia, Washington Bonus March, Bonus Army, General MacArthur, Bonus Check, WWI Veterans
Four-thirty in the afternoon on July, 28, 1932, Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C., was embalmed with tear gas. Herbert Hoover instructed General MacArthur to lead 600 troops from the 16th Brigade into the streets to diffuse the “Bonus Army” riots. The first riot resulted in the death of one Bonus Marcher killed by police gunfire. After catching wind of the incident, President...
- The complicated life of a Native Alabamian
June 1, 1932 Jefferson, Alabama Medicine/Health, New South
The complicated life of a native Alabamian
By: Brandi Harper
November 19, 2011
Life was as normal as it could be during the hot summer of 1906 in Alabama. The poor were getting more poverty stricken while the rich struggled to maintain what they had. Virginia Foster Durr remembers, “on Saturday mornings, these families would come into Birmingham, walking, there was no paved...
- Penders Advertisment
December 20, 1933 Wake, North Carolina African American Women, employment, African-Americans
The Pender’s grocery advertisement from the Raleigh Observer depicted a wealthy and very happy white family enjoying a lovely Christmas dinner. The family is being served dinner by a maid, that also appeared to be in a good mood in the advertisement. This advertisement was an illustration of the menial work black women had to do in the 1930s. Domestic jobs were usually the most common...
- The Folklore and Dance behind Zora Hurston
January, 1934 to 1934 Orange, Florida Zora Neale Hurston, African-Americans, African American Folklore, Dance
“Anyone wishing to get a real glimpse into negro life in Florida should not miss the performance to be given in Recreation Hall.” 1 This praise, given to the anthropologist, writer, poet, dancer and singer Zora Neale Hurston, came from R. W. France about her 1934 production of All De Live Long Day. Zora lived her life in an attempt to revitalize and find the truth...
- How Alma College became "The Scots," and the start of the Highland Festival in Alma, Michigan.
November 10, 1931 Gratiot, Michigan Highland Festival, Herbert Estes, Scottish Influence, Mascot, The Scots, Alma College
The Scottish Influence
The history behind the Alma College mascot began with the student-run newspaper, The Almanian, which ran a series of stories over a three week period in 1931 asking the students of Alma college to participate in a contest to come up with a new school mascot to replace the then current one: the Fighting Presbyterians.
According to the first...
- An English Woman Writes About American Prisons
1934 Hartford, Connecticut, Cayuga, New York prison, prison reform
Should prison be a place of punishment or reform? American society was debating this question when Harriet Martineau, a famous writer from England, visited in 1934. Martineau later wrote about her two year trip to America in a book called “Retrospect of Western Travels”, Volumes 1 and 2, which was published in 1938. In a chapter titled “"Prison", Martineau describes her visit to Auburn...
- “Fight to Win!” Communists Fight for Workers
1934 Jefferson, Alabama Race Relations, Government
“Fight To Win!”The Communist Party in Birmingham, Alabama spread many fliers with this message throughout the 1930s. Communists urged miners and steel workers to fight for higher wages. The communists proclaimed to be “giving leadership to the workers and raising real demands for them.” They urged white and black workers to band together and claimed that the unity of the two races on this...
- Lydia Mendoza sings “Mal Hombre”
1934 Bexar, Texas Tejano Music, Mexican American Women
On a hot sunny day in a plaza on the streets of San Antonio, a young girl and her family set up a few chairs and arrange themselves with their instruments. The plaza is full of people selling and eating food, going about talking, and small groups of men strumming on their guitars in the background. Then suddenly the small voice of a young girl starts to sing amidst the crowd. She sings songs known...
- Death of America's First Public Enemy #1
July 22, 1934 Cook, Illinois John Dillinger, FBI, J. Edgar Hoover, Biograph Theater, Public Enemy #1
America’s first Public Enemy Number One, John Dillinger, was an idolized gangster who robbed and killed during the Great Depression. Considered a Robin Hood character by the public, in reality he was a prosaic gangster and a cold hearted killer. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) special agents C.B. Winstead and C. O. Hurt gunned down John Dillinger on July 22, 1934, outside the Biograph...
- United Textile Workers Ready to Strike
September 1, 1934 Montgomery, Alabama Politics, Government
The textile workers had had enough. On September 1, 1934 at 11:30 p.m. they went on strike. Francis J. Gorman, Chairman of the National Special Strike Committee of the United Textile Workers of America, sent a telegraph to Alabama Governor Benjamin Miller to make him aware of the strike and the reasons behind it. Gorman reasoned that the workers themselves provided the authority for the strike and...
- “The Baby Faced Mad Man of Highway 12”
August, 1934 to November 27, 1934 Cook, Illinois Gangsters, The Great Depression
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) named 1934 “The Year of the Gangster” as the agency had killed John Dillinger, Homer Van Meter, Bonnie and Clyde, and Charles Arthur “Pretty Boy” Floyd. The FBI now had its eye set on Baby Faced Nelson. Nelson had killed FBI agent W. Carter Baum at the Little Bohemia shootout as a member of the 2nd Dillinger gang. By August 23, 1934, FBI...
- Zora Neal Hurston's trials and tribulations through the Harlem Renaissance
December 13, 1934 Orange, Florida Harlem Renaissance, Zora Neale Hurston, Rollins College
Zora Neale Hurston was born January 7, 1891 in Notasulga, Alabama. Soon after her birth she moved to Eatonville, Florida which always remained her home throughout her life. Eatonville was the United States first incorporated black township, her father and many other African Americans were involved in the towns governance. Hurston was a very famous black author of short stories, novels and plays....
- Black Men in Baseball
April 10, 1935 Wilson, North Carolina African-Americans, Segregation, Baseball
A pair of “big league” Negro baseball teams, the Homestead Grays of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and the Newark, New Jersey, Dodgers played in Wilson, North Carolina, in 1935. The teams were members of the Negro National League. Buck Leonard, a Rocky Mount, N.C. native, was first baseman and captain of the Grays. Leonard stated, “this league is the only way for ‘us’ to play baseball. ...
- Baer Clowns, Braddock Downs
June 13, 1935 New York, New York Depression Entertainment, Cinderella Man, Baer, Braddock, Max Baer, James Braddock, Boxing
“From rags to riches.
Strive and succeed.
A man may be down but he’s never out.”
Max Baer taunted his opponent. A barrage of “boos” rained down from the audience, voicing their antipathy and intolerance for Baer’s lack of sportsmanship and detachment from the struggles of ordinary Americans. In response to the jeering onlookers, Baer began...
- The Great Jack-Rabbit Roundup
1935 Seward, Kansas The Great Depression, Rabbit Drives, Jack Rabbit Roundup, Kansas, Dust Bowl
When one thinks of the Dust Bowl one normally envisions the swirling dust, the storms, the poverty, and the despair. A little discussed consequence of the Dust Bowl was the effect that it had on the wildlife. An ever decreasing food supply was driving the jack-rabbits out of their native habitats and forcing them onto the plains in rapidly increasing numbers. Once on the plains these rabbits began...
- The Wagner Act
July 5, 1935 Dist Columbia, District of Columbia Labor Unions, labor relations, Wagner Act, National Labor Relations
The Wagner Act had great impact on industrial relations as the first part of the National Labor Relations Act of 1935. The National Labor Relations Act was created out of the necessity and demand for new foundations of authority and new forms of participation in the political dimension and legalization of industrial life . This statement supports the idea that people are the key to industry and...
- The Ford Company
July 8, 1935 Cumberland, North Carolina Fordism, Ford Company
The new Ford engine gave drivers the “Power To Go And Power To Stop,” proclaimed the Fayetteville Observer. This was a slogan for the Ford Company in July 1935. The advertisement in the Fayetteville Observer promoted the performance of the Ford V-8 engine. “The Ford thus gives you double safety. The way it drives helps you to avoid danger. The way it is built provides...
- No Blacks in New County Jury Lists
July 12, 1935 Richmond, North Carolina African-Americans, Law, Juries
“Negroes have not served on juries in North Carolina since the White Supremacy Campaign in 1898,” noted the Richmond County Journal. Yet In 1935, commissioners faced a decision of the United States Supreme Court that African Americans could not be systematically excluded from jury lists. African Americans were excluded anyway. The Richmond County Journal stated that the Register...
- When Will It Ever Change?
July 11, 1930 New York, New York Crime/Violence, African-Americans, Lynching
News stories relating ‘death by accident,’ ‘murder by one of own’ or even an ‘unsolved mystery’ are just too far-fetched to explain the discovery of so many ‘Negro’ bodies found in the swamps or in uninhabited places in 1930. It is inconceivable to think that the white tyrannical press believe that we are fooled by their fabrications about the missing southern ‘Negro’ workers,”...