Episodes Nearest to January 1, 1892 to January 30, 1892: 1 through 25 of 25
- Improvement and Success in the Railroad System of Western Virginia
January, 1892 NELSON, Virginia Migration/Transportation, Urban-Life/Boosterism
Successful transportation had finally arrived On January 6, 1892 the first article on the front page of The Daily Virginian, under the heading "Local Matters," spoke of the Lynchburg citizens' excitement regarding the success of their railway service and the current development of western Virginia railroad systems. The previous morning, railroad workers had started running the engines of...
- Political Party Divisions
December 22, 1891 HENRICO, Virginia Economy, Politics
"Cleveland is the man of the people and the leader of the hour; he provides justice to all without help or hindrance to any." This passage appeared in a "Letter to the Editor" in the December 22, 1891 edition of the Richmond Times. The author of the editorial aimed to inspire political support for the Democratic politician Grover Cleveland while describing the fundamental differences between...
- Segregation of Railroad Cars
December 11, 1891 Alexandria City, Virginia African-Americans, Race-Relations
Race relations between African-Americans and whites in Virginia were tense at the end of the nineteenth century, and whites tried to minimize interactions between themselves and blacks. To create greater distance between the two, the Virginia state government decided to segregate railroad cars based on race. In 1900, the state of Virginia passed a law that mandated all railroad companies to furnish...
- A Meeting of Staunton's Black Residents
December 9, 1891 AUGUSTA, Virginia African-Americans, Church/Religious-Activity, Law, Politics, Race-Relations
Early December, 1891 made the city of Staunton more aware of its racial makeup and power of black people in the city. In the evening, the colored people of the city met and formed a group called the Afro-American League. They wrote a preamble and resolutions against the laws requiring separate railroad cars and waiting rooms for blacks and whites. While demanding change in the law, they also wished...
- Strange Encounter and Counterfeit Money
December 4, 1891 SMYTH, Virginia Economy, Government, Law
On December 4th, 1891, F. W. Leonard, the sheriff of Smyth County, Virginia received a letter from the sheriff of Barber County in Kansas. A man described by the Kansas sheriff as being 40 years old, 5 feet 8 inches in height and of dark complexion was seen wondering around Barber County, Kansas. The sheriff also described the man as being crazy. When questioned by the Kansas sheriff the stranger,...
- On Lynching
November 5, 1891 to 1891 HINDS, Mississippi African-Americans, Crime/Violence, Health/Death, Law, Race-Relations
On November 5, 1891, the Jackson Clarion Ledger accused Texas Governor James Stephen Hogg of being vain for offering a reward for the apprehension of parties engaged in a lynching bee, the subject being a negro. The lynchers, according to the newspaper, would never be prosecuted. On March 27 of the previous year, the same newspaper reported that levee cutters would be properly cared for by the citizens...
- Mary Emilie Holmes: On a Mission
November, 1891 to December, 1891 HINDS, Mississippi Church/Religious-Activity, Education, Race-Relations, Women
The white citizens of Jackson, Mississippi were less than happy. According to the Clarion Ledger Jackson had been selected as the site of the Mary Holmes school for the colored people, despite protests of many newspapers and citizens. They did not, however, formally attempt to stop the project, as it was, according to Samuel Rogal's account of Holmes' educational ministry, a only seminary...
- The Power of the Populists
March 3, 1892 ROCKBRIDGE, Virginia Crime/Violence, Government, Politics
The Farmer's Alliance was an organization of farmers beginning in Texas in 1876 whose influence was widespread until its demise in the late 1880s. It was created in order to protect the farmers who were affected by particularly poor economic times in the late nineteenth century by helping push up the prices of their goods. Just prior to its fall, the Farmer's Alliance was viewed by some...
- Edwin Alderman and the Importance of History
March 7, 1892 GUILFORD, North Carolina Arts/Leisure, Education, Race-Relations
On March 7, 1893 Edwin Alderman gave a speech in Greensboro, North Carolina regarding the importance of history and historical records. Alderman explained to his audience at the beginning of his speech that a "Historic Awakening" was occurring throughout the original thirteen states and that it was important that North Carolina become involved. Alderman possessed a lot of state pride and felt...
- A Local Hero
November 22, 1891 AUGUSTA, Virginia Arts/Leisure, Urban-Life/Boosterism, Women
In 1891, a little over one hundred years after the death of Staunton's founder, John Lewis, the city decided they should build a monument to their leader. The paper gave no description of the desired monument, but gave bountiful detail of the great deeds and history of John Lewis and his family. Lewis came from Ireland, and, according to tradition, brought red clover to the continent. The...
- Mob Carries out Death Sentence
March 19, 1892 Alexandria City, Virginia Crime/Violence
In the small village of Haymarket, about 38 miles north of Alexandria, two white men, Lee Heflin and Joseph Dye, were lynched on March 19, 1892. The two men had been recently convicted of murder and sentenced to death. At 12 A.M. on March 19, a mob gathered outside the jail and demanded that the prisoners be handed over. The prisoners were taken away before the mob could reach them. The pair was...
- Grand Rally of the People's Party in Decatur County, Georgia
March 27, 1892 DECATUR, Georgia Agriculture, Economy, Government, Politics
The residents of Decatur County involved in the People's Party held a grand rally early in the morning on March 27, 1892. For the citizens of Decatur County this rally was the first assemblage of the People's Party. The rally centered on a joint debate involving Rev. E. B. Mobley and Ben E. Russell. Mobley represented the ideals of the People's Party, which promoted government control...
- A New Yorker's Observations of Charleston
April 7, 1892 CHARLESTON, South Carolina Church/Religious-Activity, Economy, Urban-Life/Boosterism
In the spring of 1892, an evangelical writer from New York City identified only by his initials, J.H.M, visited Charleston. During his visit, he made a number of observations regarding the state of the city 30 years after the Civil War. First and foremost, he states that the economy still has not recovered to its pre-war prosperity. He states, The people are cotton poor. Farmers are so crippled...
- Shall We Unite? Nationalist Sentiments in Atlanta
April 12, 1892 FULTON, Georgia Government, Migration/Transportation
Twenty-seven years had passed since Grant surrendered to Lee at Appomattox, VA and yet, according to A.D. Kean, division still belied his society. In seeking those similarities which connect the North with the South, Kean made a poignant point, asking readers of the People's Party Paper to recall those 23 New York Unknown who similarly left their homes with the kisses of their mother still on...
- First Black Novel Iola Leroy is Published
April, 1892 Washington City, District of Columbia Arts/Leisure, Race-Relations
In April 1892, Frances Ellen Watkins Harper published Iola Leroy; one of the first (some say the first) novel to be written by an African American. The book presented a closer and more in-depth look of black womanhood. It was a story about a refined mulatto woman raised to believe she was white until she and her mother are sold into slavery. Additionally, throughout the novel, Harper introduces...
- Norfolk Virginian reports on tobacco output
July 23, 1891 to 1891 NORFOLK CITY, Virginia Agriculture, Economy
The Norfolk Virginian reported the acres of farmland that grew tobacco and the
pounds of tobacco harvested as a result in 1891. There were various counties and big
producers included Amherst, Bedford, and Prince Edward. Many of these counties
resided in the Central Virginia region. 24,034 planters planted on 110,579 acres and
produced 48,522,655 pounds of tobacco...
- Advancement of Health and Sanitation in Central Virginia
July 23, 1891 to 1891 NORFOLK CITY, Virginia Health/Death, Law, Migration/Transportation, Urban-Life/Boosterism
In the city of Norfolk on July 21, 1891, Dr. Morgan Health officer of Norfolk
County, examined the dairies and livestock in the city. The Norfolk Virginian reported
on the results and also wrote about other issues the Board of Health addressed.
According to the newspaper, he examined 475 animals with an output of 768 gallons. Dr.
Morgan's examination yielded results...
- Black Farmers' Strike
September 12, 1891 to November 1, 1891 HOUSTON, Texas African-Americans, Agriculture, Economy
The Colored Farmer's Alliance organized a Black Farmers' Strike to take place from September 12- November 1, 1891 across the Southern cotton states. Although calls to strike sent from Alliance headquarters in Houston claimed that The biggest agricultural strike in the history of the world is imminent' and that its organization has been perfected through colored alliances'...
- Grand Opening of the Greenville Tobacco Warehouse
October 1, 1891 PITT, North Carolina Agriculture, Economy
October 1, 1891 was a day to remember in the history of Greenville in Pitt County, North Carolina. The grand opening of the Greenville Tobacco Warehouse was the beginning of a new era in the prosperity of the town and community. The warehouse would allow the opportunity for farmers in Greenville to sell their tobacco close to home and by opening day, arrangements had already been made to bring in...
- The Geary Act
May 5, 1892 Washington City, District of Columbia Migration/Transportation, Race-Relations
In 1892, the United States Congress granted an extension of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 known as the Geary Act. This original law, passed in 1882, allowed a ten-year moratorium for Chinese immigration. The United States government believed that Chinese immigration endangered the good order of certain localities. In addition, this law required that Chinese immigrants register and obtain a certificate...
- Cotton strike led by Ben Patterson
September 20, 1891 to September 30, 1891 LEE, Arkansas African-Americans, Agriculture, Crime/Violence, Race-Relations
Ben Patterson, a thirty-year old black man from Memphis led a cotton strike of twenty-five men, probably influenced by the call for strike by the Colored Farmer's Alliance. On September 25 a fight broke out between Patterson's men and workers on a plantation that refused to join the strike. Two pickers were killed. In the last week of September, local planters crushed the strike, killing...
- Populist Party Reaches Political Peak in the South
April, 1892 to June, 1892 ASHE, North Carolina Agriculture
In early 1892, politicians and farmers gathered together to organize a third political party: the Populist Party. The party grew from an alliance (The Farmers Alliance) during an agrarian revolt that rose after a collapse of agriculture prices in 1873. The Farmers Alliance primary objective was to promote collective economic action by farmers and began to gain momentum in the South and the Great...
- African-Americans Gain Control of Tuskegee Institute
May, 1892 MACON, Alabama African-Americans, Education
In 1892, Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, founded by Booker T. Washington, George Campbell and Lewis Adams (African-Americans), gained control of the college from the state of Alabama. Before this decision, the school was under the control of three White Americans who were the board of the commissioners at the time; Lewis Adams, Thomas Dyer, and M.B. Swanson.<br />Prior to building...
- A Confederate Monument is Dedicated
August 20, 1891 CHARLESTON, South Carolina Church/Religious-Activity, War
In August of 1891, the people of Charleston, South Carolina turned out to dedicate an Obelisk to the memory of the Washington Light Infantry Regiment, which fought in the defense of the Rebellion. The event featured a sermon by the popular preacher Reverend E.C. Edgerton, who praised the members of the regiment for doing their duty to their state despite the noble but ultimately hopeless cause for...
- Ninth Annual Session of the Teachers' Assembly
June 21, 1892 to July 4, 1892 BEAUFORT, North Carolina Education, Women
On June 21 through July 4, 1892, the Ninth Annual Session of the Teachers' Assembly convened at Morehead City in Beaufort County. The meeting brought together thousands of educators and their friends and was meant to restore strength and energy to them in the relaxing city on the sea. The committee chose among the top teachers in North Carolina to speak at the session and each department was...