Episodes Nearest to January 1, 1855: 1 through 25 of 25
- Washington Journalists
January 1, 1855 Washington City, District of Columbia Government, Law, Politics, Urban-Life/Boosterism
With political and social temperatures running high in the winter of 1855, many journalists turned to debates concerning the acquisition of new lands, but this time outside of the modern day contiguous United States. Many rumors circulated about secret deals with foreign countries in exchange for economic and Republican support. One particular rumor published in an article from the Farmer's...
- A History of African Slaves in the American Revolution
January 1, 1855 SUFFOLK, Massachusetts African-Americans, Emancipation, Abolitionism, Revolutionary War
Freedom and the emancipation of slaves were not two separate ideals in separate times in American history. One of the important milestones in the American Revolution was the Boston Massacre, in which one of the first people to die was a black slave. Some claimed he was one of the first martyrs of the American Revolution. During the American Revolution, several regiments were formed by order...
- Missourians Invade a Kansas Territory Election
January 4, 1855 PLATTE, Missouri Crime/Violence, Government, Politics, Migration/Transportation
Reactions to the Kansas-Nebraska Act filled newspapers across the nation. National Era, an African-American newspaper based in Washington D.C. commented on the movement of pro-slavery people from Missouri into the Kansas territory. A letter from Governor Reeder of the Kansas territory, printed January 4, 1855, condemned the first election in the district for a delegate to Congress. Reeder...
- The Murder of Mrs. Harris
December 25, 1854 ASCENSION, Louisiana African-Americans, Crime/Violence, Law, Race-Relations, Slavery
n the day of the murder, Ben Small kept watch in the yard for Isidore. Isidore knew that Mrs. Henry would never let Small in the house, so he had to commit the crime. After the murder, one of the men set fire to the house. Ben worried about the children who were asleep in the house at the time.
This won't do, the children will be burned; let us wake them or put the fire out, Small reportedly...
- Know-Nothingism Condemned in Arkansas Legislature
January 10, 1855 to March 17, 1855 PULASKI, Arkansas Law
Despite is popularity in many political spheres, Know Nothingism failed to excite the political imagination of the inhabitants of Arkansas. As in other locales, the Know Nothing party attempted to raid the Southern Whig party in the hopes of increasing its own membership for the elections of 1854 and 1855. However, that effort, at least in Arkansas, was met only with defeat and denunciation. ...
- Internal Improvements in Norfolk
November, 1854 NORFOLK CITY, Virginia Economy
By November 1854, Virginia's economic output had slipped behind the other Southern states' production. Improvements were necessary in order to bring the Old Dominion back to its previous dominance. In an essay entitled Views on the Internal Improvement System of Virginia, an author under the name One of her sons described the dismal state of Virginia's economy, and stressed the need...
- The White Slave from Virginia
March 9, 1855 ALEXANDRIA CITY, Virginia Race-Relations
It is hard to believe one little girl could cause such a sensation, but when people caught site of Mary Mildred, a young former slave who had been employed in Alexandria, they were astonished and labeled her the white slave from Virginia. According to a New York Times article, the girl, whose father bought her freedom after escaping to Boston, was a real, 'Ida May,'- a young female...
- The Joint-Worm Convention
July, 1854 to 1854 FAUQUIER, Virginia Agriculture, Economy
To the residents of Fauquier County, and those living in many parts of Virginia, agriculture was a way of life. And if that livelihood was threatened, the residents knew that they would have to work together to protect it. As the New York Times reported on July 21, 1854, farmers held a convention in Warrenton, Va, entitled The Joint-Worm Convention, in an effort to stop the destruction...
- A Slanderous Newspaper
September 27, 1854 HINDS, Mississippi Politics
In the nineteenth century, politicians and political parties owned the newspapers, and
utilized them for their own personal agendas. Newspapers played an important role in the
advertisement and propaganda leading up to an election, no matter its size. Politicians were
scared of the newspapers and what they could do to their chances of election, if the opposing
- New Orleans Slave Market
April 27, 1855 ORLEANS, Louisiana African-Americans, Slavery
Human beings sold as cattle was a most atrocious sight for many of the on looking slaves held in the slave markets. For Anne Lynch Botta, a slave woman, a scene where people were priced based on their age, physical traits, and behaviors was a most painful sight. In an instant a child could be ripped from its mother's arms, but on that day, April 27, 1855, a mother and child were fortunate enough...
- The Loss of a Culture
May 3, 1855 CHOCTAW, Mississippi Migration/Transportation, Native-Americans, Race-Relations
Many Native American tribes, including the Choctaws of Mississippi, struggled with their identity as a people during the nineteenth century. As white America expanded west, the lives of these peoples began to be transformed forever. Many Native Americans abandoned their heritage in the pressing tide. They replaced the traditions of their ancestors with many economic, social and political practices...
- The Know-Nothing' Party pushes through Delaware Prohibition Act
May 6, 1855 KENT, Delaware Race-Relations
In the elections of 1854, the American Party', a large portion of which was represented by the Know Nothing' party, reached their peak point of popularity, winning elections across the country. The party's central platform was an Anti-Roman Catholic and anti-immigrant message. In Delaware, Know Nothingism became especially popular, winning an easy majority of the state...
- Baptists Educating Women for the Sake of Men
August 11, 1854 WASHINGTON, Virginia Church/Religious-Activity, Education, Women
When the Holston Baptist Association convened in 1854, the reverends of the association discussed the education of women. While 38 churches in attendance wanted to sustain denominational schools already in place, Reverend N. Baldwin, representing Abingdon, Virginia had a different suggestion. Baldwin's address began by accusing Europeans of being destroyers of Christian values. He argued that...
- The Creation of the South Carolina Historical Society
June 2, 1855 CHARLESTON, South Carolina Arts/Leisure, Education, Race-Relations, Slavery
In the 1850s, Charleston, South Carolina, was home to a vibrant intellectual life, Renaissance men, and a host of debating and literary societies. The diversity of these intellectual societies is astounding, often catering to a single ethnic group. In Charleston during the mid-1800s, one could find the St. Andrew's Society for Scotch-Irish, the Hibernian Society or the St. Patrick Society for...
- Abolition Crew
June 6, 1855 LEON, Florida Crime/Violence, Government, Politics, Slavery
Nine year-old Susan Bradford Eppes was worried about her father. On the eve of the family's journey to visit relatives in Tennessee an abolition crew had invaded the Eppes's plantation. According to Fannie, Susan's older sister, some white men, who had no business about the place, had come in the night and hidden away. Susan wanted to know more but Fannie refused to say anything else...
- Interracial couple arrested and jailed in New Orleans.
June 29, 1855 ORLEANS, Louisiana Crime/Violence, Race-Relations, Urban-Life/Boosterism
On June 29th, 1855, two residents of New Orleans were arrested for being in too close intimacy'. The woman, Antoinette Sondo, was a German that lived with a A good looking Mulatto' named Green Evans. <br />Thus, one can see that though slaves were not allowed to fight back against rape, African-Americans also were not allowed to engage in interracial relations consensually....
- Inside the Slave Trade: John Brown's Experience Within a New Orlean's Slave Pen
1855 SOUTHAMPTON, Virginia, BALDWIN, Georgia, ORLEANS, Louisiana Slavery, Slave Trade
John Brown, also known as Fed, was born into slavery in Virginia. As a child, he was separated from his family, and was sold and purchased by three different masters. Brown suffered from many acts of cruelty from his masters: he lost partial use of one eye after being kicked in the face repeatedly by an overseer. He was also used in a number of gruesome experiments performed by a doctor who was...
- Economic Sociology of Enslavement
1854 ORLEANS, Louisiana Economy, Race-Relations, Slavery
Henry Hughes published Treatise on Sociology: Theoretical and Practical at the age of 25 while living in New Orleans. His book argued that slavery was such a positive influence on dealings between masters and slaves that it should govern social relations throughout the United States, not just the South. African-Americans were not slaves, but rather warrantees. Hughes wrote: Property in men, is...
- Capitalist Enslavement
1854 DAVIDSON, Tennessee Economy, Race-Relations, Slavery
George Fitzhugh, a native of Brentsville, Virginia, published Sociology for the South, or the Failure of Free Society. He looked upon Africans and African-Americans as children, uniquely suited to slavery. Just as children cannot be governed by mere law ? because they are so much under the influence of impulse, passion and appetite, the negro individual had to be treated as a grown up child ? The...
- The Need for Railroads in Norfolk
1854 NORFOLK CITY, Virginia Agriculture, Economy, Migration/Transportation, Urban-Life/Boosterism
Railroads were an essential component to economic growth and stability during the mid-nineteenth century. One letter, written by An Eastern Virginian to The Lynchburg Virginian in 1854, stressed the vital need to fix the railways running between Norfolk and the Valley of Ohio. Though transporting goods to the Valley of Ohio was possible, the route was extremely difficult due to the railway's...
- The Last Frontier: The Adirondack Mountains in the Nineteenth Century
1854 NEW YORK, New York Urban Society, Arts/Leisure
The loss of untouched and pristine nature began in nineteenth century America in the age growing urbanization and industrialization, yet a few places remained, allowing Americans to discover themselves in nature. An 1854 illustration in Richards’ American Scenery: Illustrated called “Lake in the Adirondacks, New York” revealed that these places did still exist in the nineteenth...
- Refuge in Religion: The Story of the Baptist Minister Noah Davis
1854 BALTIMORE, Maryland, FREDERICK, Virginia, PROVIDENCE, Rhode Island Slavery, Religion, African-Americans
Noah Davis sat puzzled, he contemplated his next move. He had already purchased six of his children back from various slave owners, through hard work and many favors gained from people he discovered on his travels. His life defined turmoil. Noah Davis worked against the clock to purchase his seventh and final child, his daughter who was born into bondage. Noah Davis was already well versed in the...
- Early Support for a War in Missouri
July 13, 1855 LAFAYETTE, Missouri African-Americans, Government, Politics, Slavery, War
On July 13, 1855 in Lexington, Missouri, there was a convention held to rally support for the continuance of slavery in the United States. At that convention James Shannon gave an address entitled "Domestic Slavery," in which he attempted to justify the practice of slavery and disprove the validity of the reasons given by abolitionists to outlaw the practice. The reasons he gave in support of slavery...
- Mississippi Railroad Development
June 15, 1854 MARSHALL, Mississippi Agriculture, Economy, Migration/Transportation
In 1854, the central portion of Mississippi was still rural, and the road systems were
definitely sparse. The Mississippi Central Rail-Road Company convened at their annual meeting
to discuss the undertaking of a plan to connect central Mississippi with its neighbor to the north,
These entrepreneurs and capitalists had a vision for the city of Holly Springs,
- The Great Excursion of 1854
June 5, 1854 ROCK ISLAND, Illinois Migration/Transportation, Business
On June 5, 1854, the Chicago and Rock Island Railroad held what would become known as "The Great Excursion of 1854." The two owners, Henry Furnam and Joseph Sheffield, invited many well known and successful politicians, artists, writers, clergy members, and academics, including former President Millard Fillmore, who met in Chicago for the June 5th departure. A New York Times correspondent...