Black members of the International Longshoremen's Association quit work until their demand that the United States Shipping Company at Newport News fired all non-union white men. On August 31, 1899, the unofficial strike of the black men disrupted the handling and loading of ships in the Warwick County port. However, within one day, the shipping company had obtained nearly one hundred white men to...
Newspapers, like the Portsmouth Star were filled with railroad advertisements displaying the price and rates for which a passenger could travel from Portsmouth to Virginia Beach, Petersburg, Philadelphia, and even New York with no more than a day of travel for even the farther distances. A company called the Bay Line and Pennsylvania railroad offered to take people in Norfolk to the Niagara Falls...
During the late nineteenth century, urbanization prompted mass migrations of
southerners to cities. This caused crowding within the cities and soon sanitation became
an issue. Despite the problems, it was not until the last two decades of the 1800's that
cities started addressing this problem. However, once it started in one city, others started
following suit. Portsmouth...
The passing of Mrs. Lucinda Todd was not a surprise to her family, after all her health had been suffering for sometime. Though Mrs. Todd's passing initially appeared peaceful, the true happenings behind her death were revealed in the subsequent battle for ownership of Mrs. Todd's will. On July 31, 1897 Judge Burroughs resided over the court that was set to declare the official executer of Lucinda...
The Norfolk Virginian reported the acres of farmland that grew tobacco and the
pounds of tobacco harvested as a result in 1891. There were various counties and big
producers included Amherst, Bedford, and Prince Edward. Many of these counties
resided in the Central Virginia region. 24,034 planters planted on 110,579 acres and
produced 48,522,655 pounds of tobacco...
In the city of Norfolk on July 21, 1891, Dr. Morgan Health officer of Norfolk
County, examined the dairies and livestock in the city. The Norfolk Virginian reported
on the results and also wrote about other issues the Board of Health addressed.
According to the newspaper, he examined 475 animals with an output of 768 gallons. Dr.
Morgan's examination yielded results...
The South had been neglected according to the Portsmouth Star. The newspaper
accused the US, then in the middle of war with Spain, of being reluctant to spend any
more of the government's money in the South than has seemed absolutely necessary.
The US would regret spending so little on the South especially when the majority of the
war was being fought on the front...
In the Portsmouth Star, Superintendent John C. Ashton reported the public
school demographics for the year ending July 31, 1894. The school year was in session
for 195 days in three districts. There was racial segregation at this point with seventeen
schools for white children and seven for colored children. There were a total of 3,610
school-aged children and of...
According to Edward Ayers, religion was a Southerner's way of life and they
often justified or condemned something based on religion. Myriad Christian
denominations were active in the South including Baptist, Episcopal, Methodist,
Catholic, Lutheran, Protestant, and Quaker, however; the Baptist denomination claimed
the largest following. The Norfolk Virginian, like...
The July 31, 1899 report by the superintendent of public schools in Norfolk Virginia illustrated the disparity between white and black students in regards to educational opportunity and proficiency. School Superintendent Richard A. Dobie filed the report, at the request of Norfolk Mayor C. Brooks Johnston. Though the Report was not intended to make any political or social gestures, analysis of the...