On May 11, 1871, the U.S. District Court of Appeals issued its decision in the R.Fox v. The Central Railroad Passenger Company case. The R.Fox had sued The Central Railroad Passenger Company because it denied him the right to ride on a street car. The jury determined that Negro's had the right to ride based on the enforcement of the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments and common-law provisions related to commercial carriers. Judge Bland Ballard awarded Fox fifteen dollars in damages for being forcibly removed from the car. The decision was a victory for African-Americans, but the reaction by whites was something that still had to be faced.