The African slave revolt on La Amistad, a slave ship embarking on a journey to bring valuables and salves to trade in the United States, emphasized teamwork when taking over the slave ship.
On July 2, 1839, fifty-two Africans took over La Amistad, a slave ship embarking on a journey to bring valuables and salves to trade in the United States, killing the captain, cook, and three of the crew members. Two white passengers, Pedro Montes and Jose Rues, were kept alive in order to navigate the ship. The Africans that lead the revolt originally planned to steer the ship back to Africa, but Montes and Rues directed the ship toward the U.S. at night, hoping to run into another vessel or a port to escape their predicament.
The conditions originally provided for the Africans by the slave-traders on the ship were intolerable. The legs and wrists of the men, women, and children were fastened together and the space between the decks where they were housed was so small that they were forced to remain in a crouching position for most of the journey. They were provided with rice to eat, and forced to eat so much that sometimes they vomited in order to make them feel even more uncomfortable over the course of their long journey. If they did not finish their ration of rice, they were whipped and beaten. They had little to drink and there was much suffering for the prisoners.
Once the Africans took over La Amistad and attempted to direct it back to Africa, their white hostages were treated horribly; for example, Montes suffered from severe wounds to his head and arm. They drifted at sea for sixty-three days, thinking they would soon reach Africa, however, the white hostages navigated the ship northward toward the United States. Once La Amistad landed in New York in 1839. Once Montez and Ruiz told their story, the rebels were arrested and transported to Connecticut and awaited their trial. The revolt on La Amistad created a massive national political drama that resulted in the first anti-slavery decision proclaimed before the United States Supreme Court in 1841. After the horrors of the slave trade were made public, the movement to abolish slavery had officially begun in the United States.
- Greg Belanger, "Amistad America: Changing the Past: Uncovering the Future", Amistad America Inc., http://www.amistadamerica.org (accessed April 11, 2011).
- Timothy Hughes, "Rare and Early Newspapers", Pennsylvania Inquirer, http://www.rarenewspapers.com/view/559999 (accessed April 11, 2011).
- Douglas Linder, "Famous American Trial Amistad Trials 1839-1840", University of Missouri- Kansas City School of Law, http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/amistad/AMI_NEWS.HTM (accessed April 11, 2011).