The Democratic machine was removed from power and the Citizens' League came in, showing how successful their efforts were. They were backed by negroes who supported their cause for reform in mass public meetings. They quickly implemented structural reforms. However, by the time the Citizens' League spread throughout the state, blacks realized that these elite reformers were just as hostile to their interests as the machine officials whom they had opposed. The Citizens' League joined the machine democrats in supporting disenfranchisement of the poor and uneducated, and favored reforms which barred officials from assisting illiterate voters. Governor Foster was forced to call up troops when the factions were armed in the streets and threats of violence seemed possible as a result of trouble;brewing, growing out of the counting of the vote in that parish.' While the militia arrived to ensure that the environment remained a peaceful one, it seemed that those in dispute had already reached an amicable basis for the settlement of their difficulties.'